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“Belief is to believe in God, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in divine destiny, both its good and evil,” Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

Beliefs are the bedrock upon which the entire religion is built. They are the key to entering Islam and Paradise. The Muslim creed, or statement of beliefs, consists of several tenets that are a pre-requisite for the soundness of belief, all of which are implied and contained in the two testimonies:

Ash-hadu an lā ilāha ill-Āllāh

I testify that nothing is worthy of worship except God,

Wa ash-hadu anna Muḥammad-an rasūl Allāh

And I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God.

A person formally enters the religion of Islam by uttering these two proclamations, otherwise known as the Testimony of Faith (Shahādah).

The proclamation starts with absolute negation, “nothing is worthy of worship”— and is followed by the affirming statement, “except God!”. This part of the testimony is a declaration of absolute monotheism — the message of all of God’s prophets. The second half of the Testimony teaches that we must live in accordance with the reality of the first Testimony and that God taught us how to do so through the life and teachings of His prophets, the last of which was Prophet Muhammad, Peace be upon him.

God informs us in the noble Quran:

“Allah is the One Who created seven heavens ˹in layers˺, and likewise for the earth. The divine command descends between them so you may know that Allah is Most Capable of everything, and that Allah certainly encompasses all things in His knowledge.”
(Quran 65:12)