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The first integral pillar of Belief is belief in God, and the remaining integrals of belief revolve around this reality. There are a number of necessary attributes of God that will be listed below; these attributes are perfections whose reality belongs to God alone.


The greatest of these perfections is Self-Existence or Being. Only God is the Necessarily Existent. Everything else was previously non-existent and was brought into existence by God and is forever dependent on the Divine Power for its continued existence. No other existence is comparable to God’s because His Existence is not characterized by beginning, end, dependency, or change.


He is the One and the Single, possessing the attribute of Oneness. He is not composed of parts that form a whole nor does He have any partners or equals. No divinities share in His attributes, nor do acts exist except through His Creative Power alone.

There is no divinity in the creation, nor any createdness in the Divine.

He says:

“Indeed your God is certainly One,”
(Quran 37:4)


He exists without beginning and is abiding eternally and unchangingly without end.
He says:

“He is the First and the Last, and the Outward and the Inward. And He is the Knower of all things,”
(Quran 57:3)


He is Independent in His Self-Subsistence and free of any need or dependency, while everything in creation is in absolute dependency and need of Him.
He says:

“O mankind! It is you who are in need of God: but God is Free of all needs, Worthy of all praise,”
(Quran 35:15)


He does not resemble any created thing. He is Transcendent and without spouse, partner, equal, or offspring. He is genderless, unique, and exalted beyond both imagination and visualization.

He is not characterized by size, shape, form, colour, or any other finite quality in time and space by which created things are qualified.
He says,

“There is nothing whatsoever like unto Him.”
(Quran 42:11)

The above attributes are summed up in the Quran in the Chapter al-Ikhlas, which the Prophet, peace be upon him, described as equal to a third of the Quran, thereby signifying its importance:

“Say: He is God, the One. God, the Eternally Self-Subsisting. He does not beget nor is He begotten. And there is none like unto Him.”


He is the Living, eternally characterized by the attribute of Life which has no beginning and no end. He says:

“God! There is no god but Him; the Living, the Eternally Self-Subsisting.”
(Quran 2:255)


He is the Powerful (omnipotent), possessing the attribute of Power through which He creates and annihilates, bringing things into existence or placing them back into nonexistence. He says:

“God is the Creator of all things, and He is the Guardian and Disposer of all affairs.”
(Quran 39:62)


He possesses the attribute of perfect and all-encompassing Knowledge. He is the All-Knowing from Whom nothing is ever hidden or unknown. He says:

“And with Him are the keys of the Unseen. None but He knows them. And He knows what is in the land and the sea. Not a leaf falls but with His knowledge.”
(Quran 6:59)


He possesses the attribute of Will, by which He specifies each and every possibility. Non-existing possibilities cannot enter into existence unless He first wills it. He says:

“Your Lord creates what He wills and chooses. Not for them is the choice.”
(Quran 28:68)


He is the All-Hearing, possessing the attribute of Hearing without the need for ears or any other physical auditory means. Likewise, He is the All-Seeing, possessing the attribute of Sight without the need for eyes or any other means of physical sight. Nothing escapes His Hearing and His Sight. He says:

“There is nothing whatsoever like unto Him, and He is All- Hearing, All-Seeing.”
(Quran 42:11)


He possesses the attribute of Speech. His Speech is beginningless and eternal, without resembling the speech of created things in any way. His Divine Speech is not characterized by sound, letter, or voice. The words of the Holy Quran indicate some of this Eternal Speech. He says:

“And if all the trees on earth were pens and the sea with seven more seas were to supply it with ink, the words of God could not be exhausted.”
(Quran 31:27)

Although God may at times seem distant in His Transcendence and utter Majesty, God is also near and intimately involved with His creatures. He says:

“We surely created man and We know what his soul whispers to him, and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.”
(Quran 50:16)

He also says:

“When My servants question you about Me, I am near. I answer the prayer of the supplicant when He prays to Me.”
(Quran 2:186)